Though Old Greek and Middle Age have left us a long tradition of physicians-philosophers, it may be asserted that philosophy till XX century has not devoted enough attention to matters such as health and illness. The development of an authentic medical anthropology reaches in Spain its Golden Century with figures like Gregorio Marañón, J. Lopez Ibor, Juan Rof Carballo, Pedro Laín Entralgo, who towards the half of XX century prolong a tradition of “Medical Humanism” which dates back to early centuries. The theory of illness, developed by Laín Entralgo, is particularly meaningful: in fact Ortega’s vitalistic thought, Zubiri’s personalism and James’s pragmatism are to be found in this theory of Laín Entralgo. These influences are accepted and elaborated inside of specific issues which are related to the personal situation of the ill man as, for example, the theme of the intimacy, of the biographical meaning of illness and of the hope. -
MARIA TERESA RUSSO (2008). La antropología médica de Pedro Laín Entralgo a la luz de la filosofía de Ortega y Zubiri. In Rujiar VIII. Miscelánea del Centro de Estudios Bajo Martín (pp. 1035-1047). Teruel : Centro de Estudios Bajo Martín.