The paper analyses pride, its nature, expression and functions, according to a model in terms of goals and beliefs, by connecting it to the goals of power, image and self-image. Starting from a semantic analysis of the lexicon of pride, image and self-image in Italian, it defines the trait of “pride” and the emotion of “being proud of” in terms of their mental ingredients, the beliefs and goals represented in the mind of a proud person, and distinguishes three types of pride: dignity, superiority and arrogance pride. Then it overviews the body expressions of the affective states under analysis, and their function as a display of dominance during TV broadcasted political debates, finding that the three types of pride di↵er in terms of their gaze and smile behavior.
Poggi, I., D’Errico, F. (2012). Pride and its expression in political debates. 221-253; 978-1-84890-094-3.. In T.L. Paglieri F (a cura di), The goals of cognition. Festschrift for Cristiano Castelfranchi (pp. 221-253). London : London College Publications.