As the viscosity is probably one of the most important properties governing the dynamics of magmas at all the scales, its investigation is fundamental to provide importantconstraints on all the magmatic processes such as crystallization, magma differentiation and eruption dynamics on terrestrial planets. Igneous provinces have been found on Earth, Moon, Venus, Io and Mars. As matter of fact, it is generally accepted, that Martian rocks have a higher Fe content than rocks on Earth. Unfortunately, existing models of the physico-chemical properties of silicate melts are not calibrated for the high Fe contents. In order to adapt these models to high Fe-content compositions, we have developed a new experimental approach from which the physico-chemical properties of both iron components (FeO and Fe2O3) will be derived. Therefore, viscosity measurements have been conducted in this study over the whole temperature liquid range. High-T viscosities (1594-1275_C) have been measured in air using the concentric cylinder (CC) method. Low-T viscosities (817-711_C) have been measured under argon using the micro-penetration method (MP) for the melts that could be quenched to glasses. The oxidation state of Fe has been determined on quenched glasses at regular T steps by wet chemistry method. Two different simple Fe-bearing systems have been studied to date: (i) anorthite-diopside eutectic composition (AnDi) with variable amount of Fe (up to 30 wt%) as described in the literature as -a basalt analogue- and (ii) sodium disilicate (NS2 up to 20 wt% of Fe). In addition, the compositional range has been extended to include a Martian mantle composition based on the model of . The high T viscosity data obtained for the AnDi-eutectic in this study are in good agreement with the data provided by previous authors  on the same composition. Since no previous studies have dealt with the low T viscosity of the AnDi-eutectic composition, our experimental data were compared with viscosity of Etna lava  taken as an example of natural basaltic composition. In fact, whereas the high T viscosities are similar to each other, this is not true at low temperature (i.e., the Etna basalt shows a much lower activation energy with respect to our AnDi-eutectic composition). High-T viscosities of SNC shows a good agreement with viscosities obtained for a natural peridotite from Balmuccia (Earth mantle analogue) [Dingwell - personal communication]. Low-T viscosities of SNC could not be measured due to the occurrence of crystallization. All the materials exhibit non-Arrhenian behaviour when observed within the complete range of the experimental determinations. Therefore, a Vogel Fulcher Tammann (VFT) form of equation was used to characterize the variation of the viscosity with temperature. In addition, the present results suggest that the effect of iron on decreasing the viscosity at isothermal temperatures (more effective at low T) is linear for AnDi samples containing up to 10 wt% of Fe, while this behaviour becomes non-near for higher Fe-content. Dreibus, G., Waenke, H., (1985) Mars, A Volatile-Rich Planet, Meteoritics 20, 367-381.  Scarfe et al., (1983) Viscosity-tempearture relationship at 1 atm in the system diopside-anortite, Am.Mineral. 68, 1083-1088.  Giordano, D., Dingwell, D.B., (2003) Viscosity of hydrous Etna basalt: implications for Plinian-style basaltic eruptions, Bull.Volcanol. 65, 8-14.
Potuzak, M., Giordano, D., Courtial, P., Dingwell, D.B. (2004). The effect of iron on the rheological properties of silicate melts..