The text looks at WWII Italian urban design in Albania, delivered by fascist dictatorship, as built heterotopias. How western modernism plunged into an ottoman built environment? Italian modernism relied on timeless spaces, squares, and courtyards made of archetypal elements. They served as scenes for adunate to create the mass identity planned by the regime and, at the same time, as isolation tanks to experience sensory (and individuality) deprivation.
Resta, G. (2016). Space and power: WWII Italian urban design in Albania. In Ingrida Eglė Žindžiuvienė (a cura di), Spatiality and Temporality: An Interdisciplinary Approach (pp. 115-125). Warsaw : IRF Press.