In the last decade, technological innovations have impacted the cultural industries in unprecedented ways. It is common knowledge that technology has a positive impact on demand; its impact on supply, however, is less clear. Cultural organizations are not always ready to adopt technological innovations, as personnel may lack the required competencies. For example, tour guides are a category that may face the biggest challenge. This challenge may result in a better definition of their roles or, on the other hand, tour guides may not be able to position themselves in the new technology-driven competitive scenario. What would the impact of these opposite outcomes be, in the cultural industry, in terms of audience engagement and performances? Our paper addresses this question by analysing the self-perceptions of a panel of tour guides who are challenged by technological innovations. Results show that different clusters of tour guides can be detected and that different scenarios may be envisioned.
Marchegiani, L., Nasta, L., & Pirolo, L. (2017). Facing the technological change: an analysis of the role of touristic guides. In S.G. Spender J.C. (a cura di), Knowledge Management in the 21st Century: Resilience, Creativity and Co-creation (pp. 1454-1466). IKAM - Centro Studi Ricerche.