The chapter shows the optimization, rationalization, and design development process of the doubly curved wooden cladding of the main auditorium for the New Congress Center of Rome (mostly known as “the cloud”: “la nuvola”), designed by Massimiliano Fuksas, and completed in 2016. The author has been hired by the subcontractors to perform the design development of the original project and to develop a precise geometry of tessellation and a strategy for fabricating efficiently the wooden panels and the corresponding metal substructure of the cladding surfaces by preparing the geometry for direct CNC fabrication of both for a total amount of approximately 4,800 unique interior panels and 2,400 unique exterior panels. The optimization process of geometry has been conducted in parallel on rebuilding the original surface for curvature continuity and on verifying local conditions through custom tools developed within Rhinoceros to control and generate several tessellation options and compute dynamically the deformation of panels.
Converso, S. (2018). The fabrication of "The Cloud": Introducing material constraints in complex geometry optimization. In Domenico D'Uva (a cura di), Handbook of Research on Form and Morphogenesis in Modern Architectural Contexts (pp. 381-403). Hershey, PA : IGI Global [10.4018/978-1-5225-3993-3.ch018].