Quorum sensing (QS) is recognized as a promising target for the identification of anti-virulence drugs hampering Pseudomonas aeruginosa adaptability to the host environment and pathogenicity. Consequently, a number of studies in the last decade focused on the identification of small molecules or proteins with anti-QS activity, mainly targeting the las QS system, which is based on N-3-oxododecanoyl-homoserine lactone (3OC12-HSL) as signal molecule. Different experimental approaches have been successfully used to identify QS blockers interfering with the activity/stability of the 3OC12-HSL receptor LasR, with the functionality of the 3OC12-HSL synthase LasI, or with the stability/bioavailability of the 3OC12-HSL signal molecule itself. Here we describe the use of a high-throughput screening system for the identification of novel las QS inhibitors based on the cocultivation of P. aeruginosa wild type and the P. aeruginosa-derived biosensor strain PA14-R3, in which light emission relies on the ability of the wild type strain to synthesize 3OC12-HSL and of the biosensor strain to perceive this signal molecule. With respect to other screening systems, this method has the advantage of being cost-effective and allowing the identification of compounds targeting, besides 3OC12-HSL reception, any cellular process critical for the functionality of the las QS system, including 3OC12-HSL synthesis and secretion.

Rampioni, G., Giallonardi, G., D'Angelo, F., Leoni, L. (2018). A coculture-based approach for screening campaigns aimed at idenifying novel Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing inhibitors. In Livia Leoni e Giordano Rampioni (a cura di), Molecular Methods in quorum sensing (pp. 287-296). New York : Humana Press [10.1007/978-1-4939-7309-5_22].

A coculture-based approach for screening campaigns aimed at idenifying novel Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing inhibitors

Giordano Rampioni
;
GIALLONARDI, GIULIA;D'ANGELO, FRANCESCA;Livia Leoni
2018

Abstract

Quorum sensing (QS) is recognized as a promising target for the identification of anti-virulence drugs hampering Pseudomonas aeruginosa adaptability to the host environment and pathogenicity. Consequently, a number of studies in the last decade focused on the identification of small molecules or proteins with anti-QS activity, mainly targeting the las QS system, which is based on N-3-oxododecanoyl-homoserine lactone (3OC12-HSL) as signal molecule. Different experimental approaches have been successfully used to identify QS blockers interfering with the activity/stability of the 3OC12-HSL receptor LasR, with the functionality of the 3OC12-HSL synthase LasI, or with the stability/bioavailability of the 3OC12-HSL signal molecule itself. Here we describe the use of a high-throughput screening system for the identification of novel las QS inhibitors based on the cocultivation of P. aeruginosa wild type and the P. aeruginosa-derived biosensor strain PA14-R3, in which light emission relies on the ability of the wild type strain to synthesize 3OC12-HSL and of the biosensor strain to perceive this signal molecule. With respect to other screening systems, this method has the advantage of being cost-effective and allowing the identification of compounds targeting, besides 3OC12-HSL reception, any cellular process critical for the functionality of the las QS system, including 3OC12-HSL synthesis and secretion.
978-1-4939-7308-8
Rampioni, G., Giallonardi, G., D'Angelo, F., Leoni, L. (2018). A coculture-based approach for screening campaigns aimed at idenifying novel Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing inhibitors. In Livia Leoni e Giordano Rampioni (a cura di), Molecular Methods in quorum sensing (pp. 287-296). New York : Humana Press [10.1007/978-1-4939-7309-5_22].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/328988
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