The great majority of EU member states currently use, or have used in the last decade, some sort of regularisation measure for different cohorts of migrants and asylum seekers. Yet regularisation is also a highly contested policy tool, raising a range of issues regarding the effectiveness of regularisation measures: the economic, fiscal and social impact of such measures, the extent to which regularisations exert a pull effect on irregular migration and the relationship of regularisation with other policies on irregular migration, notably prevention and return. REGINE - Regularisations in Europe addresses these debates surrounding regularisation. The book results from a research project on regularisation practices in the European Union. In order to gain insights in regularisation practices and the impact of regularisations elsewhere two additional non-EU countries– Switzerland and the US – has been also covered.
Ruspini, P. (2009). Latvia. In A.K. Martin Baldwin-Edwards (a cura di), REGINE: Regularisations in Europe (pp. 371-377). Amsterdam - NLD : Amsterdam University Press – Pallas Publications.