Lactoferrin (Lf) is a mammalian iron binding protein present in external secretions and in polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Its role in host defense mechanisms related to the non-immune defense system has been definitively established. Lf has two identical iron-binding sites, far from each other (44.3 Angstrom) and magnetically non-interacting. Fe(III) ions are six-coordinated, with four donor atoms provided by protein sidechains (two Tyr, one His, one Asp) and two oxygen atoms from a bridged HCO3-. This set of ligands provides an ideal coordination scheme for stable and reversible iron binding. Nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD) profiles of Lf are consistent with a closest distance for a single water hydrogen atom of 3.1 Angstrom. By looking at the X-ray structure of Lf (PDB ID code: I BLF) we can locate two water oxygens at 3.95 and 4.27 Angstrom from each Fe(III), respectively. Temperature dependence data suggest that an important contribution to the overall paramagnetic contribution to the solvent water relaxation rate arises from one or more second sphere water molecules in slow exchange with the bulk. A decreasing value of the exchange rate is obtained, ranging from 1.2 to 0.7 mus in the observed temperature range (25-65 degreesC), with an activation enthalpy of 7.3 +/- 0.8 kJ mol(-1). The low exchange rate obtained from NMRD data can be explained by the observation that both water molecules are bound to several polar groups of the protein backbone and side chains. By increasing the pH from 6.5 to 12 two distinct titrations are observed, consistent with sequential removal of both water molecules. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Fasano M, Fanali G, Polticelli F, Ascenzi P, & Antonini G (2004). H-1 NMR relaxometric characterization of bovine lactoferrin RID A-7100-2008 RID A-4573-2009. JOURNAL OF INORGANIC BIOCHEMISTRY, 98(8), 1421-1426 [10.1016/jinorgbio.2004.05.003 WC Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear].

H-1 NMR relaxometric characterization of bovine lactoferrin RID A-7100-2008 RID A-4573-2009

POLTICELLI, Fabio;ANTONINI, GIOVANNI
2004

Abstract

Lactoferrin (Lf) is a mammalian iron binding protein present in external secretions and in polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Its role in host defense mechanisms related to the non-immune defense system has been definitively established. Lf has two identical iron-binding sites, far from each other (44.3 Angstrom) and magnetically non-interacting. Fe(III) ions are six-coordinated, with four donor atoms provided by protein sidechains (two Tyr, one His, one Asp) and two oxygen atoms from a bridged HCO3-. This set of ligands provides an ideal coordination scheme for stable and reversible iron binding. Nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD) profiles of Lf are consistent with a closest distance for a single water hydrogen atom of 3.1 Angstrom. By looking at the X-ray structure of Lf (PDB ID code: I BLF) we can locate two water oxygens at 3.95 and 4.27 Angstrom from each Fe(III), respectively. Temperature dependence data suggest that an important contribution to the overall paramagnetic contribution to the solvent water relaxation rate arises from one or more second sphere water molecules in slow exchange with the bulk. A decreasing value of the exchange rate is obtained, ranging from 1.2 to 0.7 mus in the observed temperature range (25-65 degreesC), with an activation enthalpy of 7.3 +/- 0.8 kJ mol(-1). The low exchange rate obtained from NMRD data can be explained by the observation that both water molecules are bound to several polar groups of the protein backbone and side chains. By increasing the pH from 6.5 to 12 two distinct titrations are observed, consistent with sequential removal of both water molecules. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Fasano M, Fanali G, Polticelli F, Ascenzi P, & Antonini G (2004). H-1 NMR relaxometric characterization of bovine lactoferrin RID A-7100-2008 RID A-4573-2009. JOURNAL OF INORGANIC BIOCHEMISTRY, 98(8), 1421-1426 [10.1016/jinorgbio.2004.05.003 WC Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/114360
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