Recent data have shown that a functional NO-cGMP signalling system plays an important role during development and seems to be operative early during the differentiation of embryonic stem cells. The intriguing possibility exists that this role can be evolutionarily conserved between vertebrates and invertebrates. In this paper, we have analyzed the effect of NO-cGMP pathway on the regeneration process in Hydra vulgaris, the most primitive invertebrate possessing a nervous system. Our results indicate that NO production increased during Hydra regeneration. The NOS inhibitor L-NAME reduced the regenerative process and the same effect was obtained by treatment with either the specific guanylate cyclase inhibitor ODQ or the protein kinase G (PKG) inhibitor KT-5823. In contrast, the regeneration process was increased by treating decapitated Hydra with the NO donor NOC-18. Furthermore, we found that cell proliferation was also increased by treating decapitated Hydra with the NO donor NOC-18 and reduced by treatment with the NOS inhibitor L-NAME. Our results strongly suggest that the NO-cGMP-PKG pathway is involved in the control of the proliferative-differentiative patterns of developing and regenerating structures in cnidarians as well as bilaterians.
|Titolo:||Involvement of nitric oxide in the head regeneration of Hydra vulgaris|
|Autori interni:||COLASANTI, Marco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|