Several studies have concentrated on the generation of wrappers for web data sources. As wrappers can be easily described as grammars, the grammatical inference heritage could play a significant role in this research field. Recent results have identified a new subclass of regular languages, called prefix mark-up languages, that nicely abstract the structures usually found in HTML pages of large web sites. This class has been proven to be identifiable in the limit, and a PTIME unsupervised learning algorithm has been previously developed. Unfortunately, many real-life web pages do not fall in this class of languages. In this article we analyze the roots of the problem and we propose a technique to transform pages in order to bring them into the class of prefix mark-up languages. In this way, we have a practical solution without renouncing to the formal background defined within the grammatical inference framework. We report on some experiments that we have conducted on real-life web pages to evaluate the approach; the results of this activity demonstrate the effectiveness of the presented techniques.

Crescenzi, V., Merialdo, P. (2008). WRAPPER INFERENCE FOR AMBIGUOUS WEB PAGES. APPLIED ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, 22(1), 21-52 [10.1080/08839510701853093].

WRAPPER INFERENCE FOR AMBIGUOUS WEB PAGES

CRESCENZI, VALTER;MERIALDO, PAOLO
2008

Abstract

Several studies have concentrated on the generation of wrappers for web data sources. As wrappers can be easily described as grammars, the grammatical inference heritage could play a significant role in this research field. Recent results have identified a new subclass of regular languages, called prefix mark-up languages, that nicely abstract the structures usually found in HTML pages of large web sites. This class has been proven to be identifiable in the limit, and a PTIME unsupervised learning algorithm has been previously developed. Unfortunately, many real-life web pages do not fall in this class of languages. In this article we analyze the roots of the problem and we propose a technique to transform pages in order to bring them into the class of prefix mark-up languages. In this way, we have a practical solution without renouncing to the formal background defined within the grammatical inference framework. We report on some experiments that we have conducted on real-life web pages to evaluate the approach; the results of this activity demonstrate the effectiveness of the presented techniques.
Crescenzi, V., Merialdo, P. (2008). WRAPPER INFERENCE FOR AMBIGUOUS WEB PAGES. APPLIED ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, 22(1), 21-52 [10.1080/08839510701853093].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/118185
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