The mRNA coding for light-harvesting complex of PSII (LHC-II) apoprotein is present in etiolated bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) leaves; its level is low in 5-day-old leaves, increases about 3 to 4 times in 9- to 13-day-old leaves, and decreases thereafter. A red light pulse induces an increase in LHC-II mRNA level, which is reversed by far red light, in all ages of the etiolated tissue tested. The phytochrome-controlled initial increase of LHC-II mRNA level is higher in 9- and 13-day-old than in 5- and 17-day-old bean leaves. The amount of LHC-II mRNA, accumulated in the dark after a red light pulse, oscillates rhythmically with a period of about 24 hours. This rhythm is also observed in continuous white light and in the dark following exposure to continuous white light, and persists for at least 70 hours. A second red light pulse, applied 36 hours after initiation of the rhythm, induces a phase-shift, which is prevented by far red light immediately following the second red light pulse. A persistent, but gradually reduced, far red reversibility of the red light-induced increase in LHC-II mRNA level is observed. In contrast, far red reversibility of the red light-induced clock setting is only observed when far red follows immediately the red light. It is concluded that (a) the light-induced LHC-II mRNA accumulation follows an endogenous, circadian rhythm, for the appearance of which a red light pulse is sufficient, (b) the circadian oscillator is under phytochrome control, and (c) a stable Pfr form, which exists for several hours, is responsible for sustaining LHC-II gene transcription.
Tavladoraki, P., Kloppstech, K., ARGYROUDI AKOYUNOGLOU, J. (1989). Circadian rhythm in the expression of the mRNA coding for the apoprotein of the Light-Harvesting Complex of photosystem II: Phytochrome control and persistent far red reversibility. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, 90, 665-672.