Electrochemically induced cyclization of bromoamides to beta-lactams has been achieved in room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). The use of volatile, organic solvents (VOCs) and of supporting electrolytes may be avoided. Proton exchange reaction between amide substrates and suitable electrogenerated bases gives rise to a C-4 carbanion which undergoes cyclization to beta-lactam via intramolecular nucleophilic substitution (C-3-C-4 bond formation). beta-Lactams have been isolated in good to elevated yields. The "non innocent" nature of the RTILs (imidazolium-based salts) is considered. Proton exchange reaction between N-dialkylimidazolium cation and ECB yielding N-heterocyclic carbene is discussed.

Sotgiu, G., Chiarotto, I., Feroci, M., Orsini, M., Rossi, L., Inesi, A. (2008). An electrochemical alternative strategy to the synthesis of β-lactams. Part 3 [1]. Room-temperature ionic liquids vs molecular organic solvents. ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 53, 7852-7858.

An electrochemical alternative strategy to the synthesis of β-lactams. Part 3 [1]. Room-temperature ionic liquids vs molecular organic solvents

SOTGIU, Giovanni;ORSINI, MONICA;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Electrochemically induced cyclization of bromoamides to beta-lactams has been achieved in room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). The use of volatile, organic solvents (VOCs) and of supporting electrolytes may be avoided. Proton exchange reaction between amide substrates and suitable electrogenerated bases gives rise to a C-4 carbanion which undergoes cyclization to beta-lactam via intramolecular nucleophilic substitution (C-3-C-4 bond formation). beta-Lactams have been isolated in good to elevated yields. The "non innocent" nature of the RTILs (imidazolium-based salts) is considered. Proton exchange reaction between N-dialkylimidazolium cation and ECB yielding N-heterocyclic carbene is discussed.
Sotgiu, G., Chiarotto, I., Feroci, M., Orsini, M., Rossi, L., Inesi, A. (2008). An electrochemical alternative strategy to the synthesis of β-lactams. Part 3 [1]. Room-temperature ionic liquids vs molecular organic solvents. ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 53, 7852-7858.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/123133
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