In order to study the vortex pinning determined by artificially introduced pinning centers in the small-vortex displacement regime, we measured the microwave surface impedance at 47.7 GHz in the mixed state of YBa2Cu3O7− ␦ thin films, where submicrometric BaZrO3 particles have been incorporated. As a function of the BaZrO3 content, we observed that the absolute losses slightly decrease up to a BaZrO3 content of 5%, and then increase. We found that the magnetic-field-induced losses behave differently in that they are not monotonic with increasing BaZrO3 concentration. At small concentration ͑2.5%͒ the field-induced losses increase, but large reduction in the losses themselves, by factors up to 3, is observed upon further increasing the BaZrO3 concentration in the target up to 7%. Using measurements of both surface resistance and surface reactance, we estimate vortex pinning-related parameters. We found that BaZrO3 inclusions introduce deep and steep pinning wells. In particular, the minimum height of the energy barrier for single vortices is raised. At larger BaZrO3 content ͑5% and 7%͒ the phenomenon is at its maximum, but it is unclear whether it shows a saturation or not, leaving room for further improvements.

Pompeo, N., Rogai, R., Silva, E., Augieri, A., Galluzzi, V., & Celentano, G. (2009). Reduction in the field-dependent microwave surface resistance in YBa2Cu3O7−δ with sub-micrometric BaZrO3 inclusions as a function of BaZrO3 concentration. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 105, 013927-1-013927-7 [10.1063/1.3056179].

Reduction in the field-dependent microwave surface resistance in YBa2Cu3O7−δ with sub-micrometric BaZrO3 inclusions as a function of BaZrO3 concentration

POMPEO, NICOLA;
2009

Abstract

In order to study the vortex pinning determined by artificially introduced pinning centers in the small-vortex displacement regime, we measured the microwave surface impedance at 47.7 GHz in the mixed state of YBa2Cu3O7− ␦ thin films, where submicrometric BaZrO3 particles have been incorporated. As a function of the BaZrO3 content, we observed that the absolute losses slightly decrease up to a BaZrO3 content of 5%, and then increase. We found that the magnetic-field-induced losses behave differently in that they are not monotonic with increasing BaZrO3 concentration. At small concentration ͑2.5%͒ the field-induced losses increase, but large reduction in the losses themselves, by factors up to 3, is observed upon further increasing the BaZrO3 concentration in the target up to 7%. Using measurements of both surface resistance and surface reactance, we estimate vortex pinning-related parameters. We found that BaZrO3 inclusions introduce deep and steep pinning wells. In particular, the minimum height of the energy barrier for single vortices is raised. At larger BaZrO3 content ͑5% and 7%͒ the phenomenon is at its maximum, but it is unclear whether it shows a saturation or not, leaving room for further improvements.
Pompeo, N., Rogai, R., Silva, E., Augieri, A., Galluzzi, V., & Celentano, G. (2009). Reduction in the field-dependent microwave surface resistance in YBa2Cu3O7−δ with sub-micrometric BaZrO3 inclusions as a function of BaZrO3 concentration. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 105, 013927-1-013927-7 [10.1063/1.3056179].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/123517
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