The fraction of AGN with photoelectric absorption in the X-rays ranging from N-H of 10(22) up to about 10(24) cm(-2) (Compton-thin) appears observationally to be anticorrelated to their luminosity L-x. This recently found evidence is used to investigate the location of the absorbing gas. The molecular torus invoked in the unified picture of AGN, while it can be regarded as confirmed on several grounds to explain the Compton-thick objects, do not conform to this new constraint, at least in its physical models as developed so far. In the frame of observationally based evidence that in Compton-thin sources the absorbing gas might be located far away from the X-ray source, it is shown that the gravitational effects of the black hole (BH) on the molecular gas in a disk, within 25 - 450 pc ( depending on the BH mass, from 10(6) to 10(9) M-.), leads naturally to the observed anticorrelation, under the assumption of a statistical correlation between the BH mass and Lx. Its normalization is also reproduced provided that the surface density, Sigma, of this gas is larger than about 150 - 200 M-. pc(-2), and assuming that the bolometric luminosity is one tenth of the Eddington limit. Interestingly, the required values are consistent with the value of the 300 pc molecular disk in our own galaxy, namely 500 M-. pc(-2). In a sample of nearby galaxies from the BIMA SONG survey, it is found that half of the objects have central Sigma larger than 150 M-. pc(-2). Given the simplicity of the proposed model, this finding is very encouraging, waiting for future higher resolution surveys in CO on more distant galaxies.

Lamastra, A., Perola, G.c., Matt, G. (2006). A model for the X-ray absorption in Compton-thin AGN. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 449(2), 551-558 [10.1051/0004-6361:20054014].

A model for the X-ray absorption in Compton-thin AGN

MATT, Giorgio
2006-01-01

Abstract

The fraction of AGN with photoelectric absorption in the X-rays ranging from N-H of 10(22) up to about 10(24) cm(-2) (Compton-thin) appears observationally to be anticorrelated to their luminosity L-x. This recently found evidence is used to investigate the location of the absorbing gas. The molecular torus invoked in the unified picture of AGN, while it can be regarded as confirmed on several grounds to explain the Compton-thick objects, do not conform to this new constraint, at least in its physical models as developed so far. In the frame of observationally based evidence that in Compton-thin sources the absorbing gas might be located far away from the X-ray source, it is shown that the gravitational effects of the black hole (BH) on the molecular gas in a disk, within 25 - 450 pc ( depending on the BH mass, from 10(6) to 10(9) M-.), leads naturally to the observed anticorrelation, under the assumption of a statistical correlation between the BH mass and Lx. Its normalization is also reproduced provided that the surface density, Sigma, of this gas is larger than about 150 - 200 M-. pc(-2), and assuming that the bolometric luminosity is one tenth of the Eddington limit. Interestingly, the required values are consistent with the value of the 300 pc molecular disk in our own galaxy, namely 500 M-. pc(-2). In a sample of nearby galaxies from the BIMA SONG survey, it is found that half of the objects have central Sigma larger than 150 M-. pc(-2). Given the simplicity of the proposed model, this finding is very encouraging, waiting for future higher resolution surveys in CO on more distant galaxies.
Lamastra, A., Perola, G.c., Matt, G. (2006). A model for the X-ray absorption in Compton-thin AGN. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 449(2), 551-558 [10.1051/0004-6361:20054014].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/124984
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