According to the most recent findings of social history and judicial anthropology the progressive disappearance In Europe of the revenge system depended above all on the growing recourse to procedures of the peaceful settlements of controversies through "amicabilis compositores". The essay concerns itself with the part palyed by the Jesuits in the encouragement of social harmony and endeavours to discern what implications the activity directed towards the pacification of social conflicts, an integral part of the process of Christianization, had both in disciplining behaviour and in the complex web of the interactions among religiuos practices, social practices and political-judicial practices. Two models of mediation are analysed: one implemented by the Jesuits on the war-front in the New World (colonial Chile characterised by the resistance of the native Mapuche population). This was based on the organization of the so-called "parlamentos de indios". The other was practised by the disciples of Saint Ignatius in the day-to-day life of the missions to the people in Spain anf Italy. In these two case-studies it emerges that what the two models applied by the Jesuits have in common was the search for extra judicial or infra-judicial solutions for all controversies (among individuals or between individuals and the state authority) that were based on the concept of pardon for wrongs suffered and on the removal of the importance of place and family in on-going conflicts under the common denominator of the uniformity of religious practice and devotion.

Broggio, P. (2003). I gesuiti come pacificatori in Età moderna: dalle guerre di frontiera nel Nuovo Mondo americano alle lotte fazionarie nell’Europa mediterranea. RIVISTA DI STORIA E LETTERATURA RELIGIOSA, XXXIX(2), 249-289.

I gesuiti come pacificatori in Età moderna: dalle guerre di frontiera nel Nuovo Mondo americano alle lotte fazionarie nell’Europa mediterranea

BROGGIO, Paolo
2003

Abstract

According to the most recent findings of social history and judicial anthropology the progressive disappearance In Europe of the revenge system depended above all on the growing recourse to procedures of the peaceful settlements of controversies through "amicabilis compositores". The essay concerns itself with the part palyed by the Jesuits in the encouragement of social harmony and endeavours to discern what implications the activity directed towards the pacification of social conflicts, an integral part of the process of Christianization, had both in disciplining behaviour and in the complex web of the interactions among religiuos practices, social practices and political-judicial practices. Two models of mediation are analysed: one implemented by the Jesuits on the war-front in the New World (colonial Chile characterised by the resistance of the native Mapuche population). This was based on the organization of the so-called "parlamentos de indios". The other was practised by the disciples of Saint Ignatius in the day-to-day life of the missions to the people in Spain anf Italy. In these two case-studies it emerges that what the two models applied by the Jesuits have in common was the search for extra judicial or infra-judicial solutions for all controversies (among individuals or between individuals and the state authority) that were based on the concept of pardon for wrongs suffered and on the removal of the importance of place and family in on-going conflicts under the common denominator of the uniformity of religious practice and devotion.
Broggio, P. (2003). I gesuiti come pacificatori in Età moderna: dalle guerre di frontiera nel Nuovo Mondo americano alle lotte fazionarie nell’Europa mediterranea. RIVISTA DI STORIA E LETTERATURA RELIGIOSA, XXXIX(2), 249-289.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/134573
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