Aims: Exosomes are lipid bilayer vesicles of 50-100 nm released by basically all cell types. We recently reported that full-length HIV-1 RNA and lentiviral vector (LV) genome associate with exosomes through similar mechanisms. Here, we investigated the fate of lentiviral RNA shuttled by exosomes in target cells. Material & methods: Exosomes from cells transduced by a LV expressing green fluorescent protein under the control of an heterologous promoter were purified by iodixanol gradients and used to evaluate the LV expression in target cells. Results: The genome of LV incorporated in exosomes can be expressed in HIV-1-infected cells, but not in those that are uninfected, despite apparently similar levels of exosome internalization. The expression disappeared 2-3 days after challenge, and was blocked by pre-treatment with azidothymidine. Conclusion: Lentiviral genome incorporated in exosomes can be expressed in target cells having reverse transcriptase activity.

Arenaccio, C., Cabezas, S.c., Federico, M. (2014). HIV-1-infected cells transiently express lentiviral RNA shuttled by exosomes. FUTURE VIROLOGY, 9(2), 111-121 [10.2217/fvl.13.126].

HIV-1-infected cells transiently express lentiviral RNA shuttled by exosomes

ARENACCIO, CLAUDIA;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Aims: Exosomes are lipid bilayer vesicles of 50-100 nm released by basically all cell types. We recently reported that full-length HIV-1 RNA and lentiviral vector (LV) genome associate with exosomes through similar mechanisms. Here, we investigated the fate of lentiviral RNA shuttled by exosomes in target cells. Material & methods: Exosomes from cells transduced by a LV expressing green fluorescent protein under the control of an heterologous promoter were purified by iodixanol gradients and used to evaluate the LV expression in target cells. Results: The genome of LV incorporated in exosomes can be expressed in HIV-1-infected cells, but not in those that are uninfected, despite apparently similar levels of exosome internalization. The expression disappeared 2-3 days after challenge, and was blocked by pre-treatment with azidothymidine. Conclusion: Lentiviral genome incorporated in exosomes can be expressed in target cells having reverse transcriptase activity.
Arenaccio, C., Cabezas, S.c., Federico, M. (2014). HIV-1-infected cells transiently express lentiviral RNA shuttled by exosomes. FUTURE VIROLOGY, 9(2), 111-121 [10.2217/fvl.13.126].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/134896
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