The Abruzzo-Molise-Sannio region is part of the Central Apennines foreland fold and thrust belt, a structure that formed during the Neogene as a result of the continental collision between the European and Adria plates. Certain areas of this crust experienced anomalously high temperatures due to deep burial, while others did not. This burial has been investigated using optical indicators of organic matter (OM) maturity and clay mineralogy. The maximum depths of burial of Tertiary surface sequences have been established based on the vitrinite reflectance (Ro) and thermal alteration index (TAI) of OM dispersed in synorogenic sediments and from clay mineralogy of pre-thrusting clayey deposits. The synorogenic deposits show low levels of organic maturity having Ro values less than 0.6% indicating early mature to mid-mature hydrocarbon generation. The pre-thrusting deposits are shales characterised by a very high percentage of clay minerals with lesser amounts of quartz, K-feldspar, plagioclase and calcite. The dominant minerals are highly smectitic interstratified illite/smectite (RIS). Both Ro and I/S ratios were used to calibrate burial and thermal evolution of this chain sector by numerical modelling. The results indicate that the structural units which outcrop in the study area (particularly the Molise Unit) were never overthrust by significant thicknesses of rocks during mountain building, at least before Pliocene times; the hypothesis that more internal units overthrust the presently exposed units also seems to be unlikely.

CORRADO S, DI BUCCI D, NASO G, GIAMPAOLO C, & ADATTE T (1998). Application of organic matter and clay minerals studies to the tectonic history of the Molise area, Central Apennines. TECTONOPHYSICS, 285(1-2), 167-181 [10.1016/S0040-1951(97)00195-9].

Application of organic matter and clay minerals studies to the tectonic history of the Molise area, Central Apennines

CORRADO, Sveva;
1998

Abstract

The Abruzzo-Molise-Sannio region is part of the Central Apennines foreland fold and thrust belt, a structure that formed during the Neogene as a result of the continental collision between the European and Adria plates. Certain areas of this crust experienced anomalously high temperatures due to deep burial, while others did not. This burial has been investigated using optical indicators of organic matter (OM) maturity and clay mineralogy. The maximum depths of burial of Tertiary surface sequences have been established based on the vitrinite reflectance (Ro) and thermal alteration index (TAI) of OM dispersed in synorogenic sediments and from clay mineralogy of pre-thrusting clayey deposits. The synorogenic deposits show low levels of organic maturity having Ro values less than 0.6% indicating early mature to mid-mature hydrocarbon generation. The pre-thrusting deposits are shales characterised by a very high percentage of clay minerals with lesser amounts of quartz, K-feldspar, plagioclase and calcite. The dominant minerals are highly smectitic interstratified illite/smectite (RIS). Both Ro and I/S ratios were used to calibrate burial and thermal evolution of this chain sector by numerical modelling. The results indicate that the structural units which outcrop in the study area (particularly the Molise Unit) were never overthrust by significant thicknesses of rocks during mountain building, at least before Pliocene times; the hypothesis that more internal units overthrust the presently exposed units also seems to be unlikely.
CORRADO S, DI BUCCI D, NASO G, GIAMPAOLO C, & ADATTE T (1998). Application of organic matter and clay minerals studies to the tectonic history of the Molise area, Central Apennines. TECTONOPHYSICS, 285(1-2), 167-181 [10.1016/S0040-1951(97)00195-9].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/136253
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