On the rooted k-ary tree we consider a 0-1 kinetically constrained spin model in which the occupancy variable at each node is re-sampled with rate one from the Bernoulli(p) measure iff all its children are empty. For this process the following picture was conjectured to hold. As long as p is below the percolation threshold pc = 1/k the process is ergodic with a finite relaxation time while, for p > pc, the process on the infinite tree is no longer ergodic and the relaxation time on a finite regular sub-tree becomes exponentially large in the depth of the tree. At the critical point p = pc the process on the infinite tree is still ergodic but with an infinite relaxation time. Moreover, on finite sub-trees, the relaxation time grows polynomially in the depth of the tree. The conjecture was recently proved by the second and forth author except at crit- icality. Here we analyse the critical and quasi-critical case and prove for the relevant time scales: (i) power law behaviour in the depth of the tree at p = pc and (ii) power law scaling in (pc − p)−1 when p approaches pc from below. Our results, which are very close to those obtained recently for the Ising model at the spin glass critical point, represent the first rigorous analysis of a kinetically constrained model at criticality.
|Titolo:||Mixing time of a kinetically constrained spin model on trees: power law scaling at criticality|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|