The present research is concerned with evaluating the macroeconomic effects on the Italian economy of an increase in the productivity of government activities, triggered by the full implementation of the recent structural reform of Public Administration. There are several levers through which an increase in Public Sector's productivity may affect the drivers of economic growth: increases in overall productivity, reductions in transaction costs, externalities. The analysis is based on a series of simulations using a structural macroeconometric model of the Italian economy. We analyze how a more productive Public Sector - whose performance we measure through a novel set of indicators - can positively affect the aggregate economic activity. Two main results emerge. First, a conceivable shock that improves the Public Sector's eciency (i.e. a one-time 10% increase) significantly enhances the size and the pace of overall output. Second, and more notable, we find that even the long-run rate of growth of GDP is permanently increased.
Felli E, Lorenzo Carbonari, Massimo Gerli, & Giovanni Tria (2013). Public sector's Productivity and macroeconomic performance: the case of Italian public administration reform. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC POLICY, 9(4-5-6), 306-334.