The landscape evolution in Neogene intramontane basins is a result of the interaction of climatic, lithologic, and tectonic factors.When sedimentation ceases and a basin enters an erosional stage, estimating erosion rates across the entire basin can offer a good view of landscape evolution. In this work, the erosion rates in the Guadix–Baza basin have been calculated based on a volumetric estimate of sediment loss by river erosion since the Late Pleistocene. To do so, the distribution of a glacis surface at ca. 43 kyr, characterised by a calcrete layer that caps the basin infilling, has been reconstructed. To support this age, new radiometric data of the glacis are presented. The volumeof sediment loss bywater erosion has been calculated for the entire basin by comparing the reconstructed geomorphic surface and the present-day topography. The resulting erosion rates vary between 4.28 and 6.57 m3 ha−1 yr−1, and are the consequence of the interaction of climatic, lithologic, topographic, and tectonic factors. Individual erosion rates for the Guadix and Baza sub-basins (11.80m3 ha−1 yr−1 and 1.77m3 ha−1 yr−1 respectively) suggest different stages of drainage pattern evolution in the two sub-basins.We attribute the lower values obtained in the Baza sub-basin to the down-throwof this sub-basin caused by very recent activity along the Baza fault.
PEREZ PENA J., V., AZANON J., M., Azor, A., Tuccimei, P., DELLA SETA, M., Soligo, M. (2009). Quaternary landscape evolution and erosion rates for an intramontane Neogene basin (Guadix-Baza basin, SE Spain). GEOMORPHOLOGY, 106, 206-218.