Supercritical water is fundamental in many fields of applications and a precise characterization of the supercritical state is of uttermost importance for this liquid. In a fluid, when moving from the critical point into the single-phase region, the thermodynamic response functions show maxima reminiscent of the critical divergence. Here we study the thermodynamic properties of water in the supercritical region by analysing both available experimental data and our computer simulation results. We find that the lines connecting the maxima of the response functions converge on approaching the critical point in a single line, the Widom line. We further show that the Widom line coincides with a crossover from a liquid-like to a gas-like behaviour clearly visible in the transport properties. These thermodynamic and dynamic features show that the supercritical state in water is far more complex than what was so far believed, indicating a new perspective in the characterization of the thermodynamics of this state.
|Titolo:||Widom line and dynamical crossovers: routes to understand supercritical water|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|