Deceleration lanes are important because they help drivers transition from high-speed lanes to low-speed ramps. Although they are designed to allow vehicles to depart the freeway safely and efficiently, many studies report high accident rates on exit ramps with the highest percentage of crashes taking place in deceleration lanes. This paper describes the results of adriving simulator study that focused on driving performance while approaching a divergence area and decelerating during the exiting maneuver. Three different traffic scenarios were simulated to analyze the influence of traffic volume on driving performance. Thirty drivers drove in the simulator in these scenarios while data on their lateral position, speed and deceleration were collected. Our results indicate there are considerable differences between the main assumptions of models generally used to design decelerationlanes and actual driving performance. In particular, diverging drivers begin to decelerate before arriving at the decelerationlane, causing interference with the main flow. Moreover, speeds recorded at the end of the decelerationlane exceed those for which the ramp's curves are designed; this creates risky driving conditions that could explain the high crash rates found in studies of exit ramps. Finally, statistical analyses demonstrate significant influences of traffic volume on some aspects of exiting drivers’ performance: lower traffic volume results in elevated exiting speed and deceleration, and diverging drivers begin to decelerate earlier along the main lane when traffic volume is low. However, speeds at the end of the decelerationlane and the site of lane changing are not significantly influenced by traffic volume.

Calvi, A., Benedetto, A., & De Blasiis, M.R. (2012). A driving simulator study of driver performance on deceleration lanes. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, 45, 195-203 [10.1016/j.aap.2011.06.010].

A driving simulator study of driver performance on deceleration lanes

Calvi A.;Benedetto A;De Blasiis M. R.
2012

Abstract

Deceleration lanes are important because they help drivers transition from high-speed lanes to low-speed ramps. Although they are designed to allow vehicles to depart the freeway safely and efficiently, many studies report high accident rates on exit ramps with the highest percentage of crashes taking place in deceleration lanes. This paper describes the results of adriving simulator study that focused on driving performance while approaching a divergence area and decelerating during the exiting maneuver. Three different traffic scenarios were simulated to analyze the influence of traffic volume on driving performance. Thirty drivers drove in the simulator in these scenarios while data on their lateral position, speed and deceleration were collected. Our results indicate there are considerable differences between the main assumptions of models generally used to design decelerationlanes and actual driving performance. In particular, diverging drivers begin to decelerate before arriving at the decelerationlane, causing interference with the main flow. Moreover, speeds recorded at the end of the decelerationlane exceed those for which the ramp's curves are designed; this creates risky driving conditions that could explain the high crash rates found in studies of exit ramps. Finally, statistical analyses demonstrate significant influences of traffic volume on some aspects of exiting drivers’ performance: lower traffic volume results in elevated exiting speed and deceleration, and diverging drivers begin to decelerate earlier along the main lane when traffic volume is low. However, speeds at the end of the decelerationlane and the site of lane changing are not significantly influenced by traffic volume.
Calvi, A., Benedetto, A., & De Blasiis, M.R. (2012). A driving simulator study of driver performance on deceleration lanes. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, 45, 195-203 [10.1016/j.aap.2011.06.010].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/140178
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