The nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors lamivudine and zidovudine and the protease inhibitors lopinavir and ritonavir are currently used in anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) therapy. Here, a high-performance liquid chromatography- mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method, using a hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass analyzer, is reported for the simultaneous quantification of lamivudine, lopinavir, ritonavir, and zidovudine in plasma of HIV-infected patients. The volume of plasma sample was 600 μL. Plasma samples were extracted by solid-phase using 1 cc Oasis HLB Cartridge (divinylbenzene and N-vinylpyrrolidone) and evaporated in a water bath under nitrogen stream. The extracted samples were reconstituted with 100-μL methanol. Five microliters of the reconstituted samples were injected into a HPLC-MS/MS apparatus, and the analytes were eluted on a Vydac column (250 x 1.0 mm i.d.) filled with 3-μm C 18 particles. The mobile phase was delivered at 70 μL/ min with a linear gradient elution, both acetonitrile and ultrapure water solvents contained 0.2% formic acid. The calibration curves were linear from 0.47 to 20 ng/mL. The absolute recovery ranged between 91 and 107%. The minimal concentration of lamivudine, lopinavir, ritonavir, and zidovudine detectable by HPLC-MS/MS is 0.47, 0.28, 0.30, and 0.66 ng/mL, respectively. The great advantage of the new HPLC-MS/MS method here reported is the possibility to achieve a very high specificity toward the selected anti-HIV drugs, despite the simple and rapid sample preparation. Moreover, this method is easily extendible to the analysis of co-administrated drugs.
|Titolo:||Simultaneous determination of lamivudine, lopinavir, ritonavir, and zidovudine concentration in plasma of HIV-infected patients by HPLC-MS/MS.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|