The aim of this paper is to analyse Latin constructions formed by a participle in –tus and the perfect tense of the verb sum, taking into account recent studies on tense and aspect. The first section (§§ 2 3) offers a brief overview of the notions of tense and aspect and shows the status quaestionis about the consideration of these categories in Latin. The second section (§§ 4 4.3.1) reviews examples selected by the production of Latin authors from the origin to the fourth century A.D., and demonstrates how this Latin construction expresses relative tense (§§ 4.1 4.1.3), absolute tense (§§ 4.2 4.2.1) and the aspectual value of stativity (§§ 4.3 4.3.1).
Iovino, R. (2008). "La selezione del perfetto di sum con il participio in –tus in latino: motivazioni temporali e aspettuali". STUDI ITALIANI DI LINGUISTICA TEORICA E APPLICATA, 3, 581-597.