The article aims at recostructing the main steps of chemistry's progress from practical art into an independent academic discipline. This occurred in the 17th and in the 18th centuries and involved the establishment of university chairs, laboratories and a textbook tradition. This study focuses on the French and German contexts.
A. Clericuzio (2010). “Sooty Empiricks” and Natural Philosophers: The Status of Chemistry in the Seventeenth Century. SCIENCE IN CONTEXT, 23, 329-350 [10.1017/S0269889710000104].