The Hyblean Plateau in southeastern Sicily, Italy, consists of an isolated and elevated forebulge structure formed since the early Miocene time by bending the foreland lithosphere below the advancing Maghrebian thrust-fold belt. The Hyblean forebulge is presently located in front of an orogenic recess and partly surrounded by two orogenic salients. We analyzed magnetic (anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility) and structural (joints, faults, slickenside lineations, and bed attitudes) fabric data from Neogene carbonate rocks exposed atop the Hyblean forebulge. Results showed unidirectional fabrics developed in response to a NW-SE extension at the end the of early Miocene time and beginning of middle Miocene time, and duple-to-multiple fabrics developed in response to major NW-SE and NE-SW extensions from the Langhian time onward. We interpreted these results as the evidence for the growth of a doubly plunging forebulge due to the presence of foreland crustal heterogeneities, which enhanced differential retreating processes of the foreland along the subduction zone and the subsequent formation of orogenic salients and recesses. A semianalytical model shows that the observed brittle deformations potentially involved a significant thickness of the carbonate sedimentary cover, thereby reducing the lithosphere flexural rigidity and enhancing its bending aptitude.

Billi A, Porreca M, Faccenna C, & Mattei M (2006). Magnetic and structural constraints for the noncylindrical evolution of a continental forebulge (Hyblea, Italy). TECTONICS, 25(3) [10.1029/2005TC001800].

Magnetic and structural constraints for the noncylindrical evolution of a continental forebulge (Hyblea, Italy)

FACCENNA, CLAUDIO;MATTEI, Massimo
2006

Abstract

The Hyblean Plateau in southeastern Sicily, Italy, consists of an isolated and elevated forebulge structure formed since the early Miocene time by bending the foreland lithosphere below the advancing Maghrebian thrust-fold belt. The Hyblean forebulge is presently located in front of an orogenic recess and partly surrounded by two orogenic salients. We analyzed magnetic (anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility) and structural (joints, faults, slickenside lineations, and bed attitudes) fabric data from Neogene carbonate rocks exposed atop the Hyblean forebulge. Results showed unidirectional fabrics developed in response to a NW-SE extension at the end the of early Miocene time and beginning of middle Miocene time, and duple-to-multiple fabrics developed in response to major NW-SE and NE-SW extensions from the Langhian time onward. We interpreted these results as the evidence for the growth of a doubly plunging forebulge due to the presence of foreland crustal heterogeneities, which enhanced differential retreating processes of the foreland along the subduction zone and the subsequent formation of orogenic salients and recesses. A semianalytical model shows that the observed brittle deformations potentially involved a significant thickness of the carbonate sedimentary cover, thereby reducing the lithosphere flexural rigidity and enhancing its bending aptitude.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/143605
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