Arabidopsis thaliana has four genes with close homology to human histone H3 lysine 4 demethylase (HsLSD1), a component of various transcriptional corepressor complexes that often also contain histone deacetylases and the corepressor protein CoREST. All four Arabidopsis proteins contain a flavin amine oxidase domain and a SWIRM domain, the latter being present in a number of proteins involved in chromatin regulation. Here, we describe the heterologous expression and biochemical characterization of one of these Arabidopsis proteins (AtLSD1) and show that, similarly to HsLSD1, it has demethylase activity toward mono- and dimethylated Lys4 but not dimethylated Lys9 and Lys27 of histone 3. Modeling of the AtLSD1 three-dimensional structure using the HsLSD1 crystal structure as a template revealed a high degree of conservation of the residues building up the active site and some important differences. Among these differences, the most prominent is the lack of the HsLSD1 Tower domain, which has been shown to interact with CoREST and to be indispensable for HsLSD1 demethylase activity. This observation, together with AtLSD1 peculiar surface electrostatic potential distribution, suggests that the molecular partners of AtLSD1 are probably different from those of the human orthologue.

Spedaletti, V., Polticelli, F., Capodaglio, V., SCHININÀ M., E., Stano, P., Federico, R., et al. (2008). Characterization of a lysine-specific histone demethylase from Arabidopsis thaliana. BIOCHEMISTRY, 47(17), 4936-4947 [10.1021/bi701969k].

Characterization of a lysine-specific histone demethylase from Arabidopsis thaliana

POLTICELLI, Fabio;TAVLADORAKI, Paraskevi
2008-01-01

Abstract

Arabidopsis thaliana has four genes with close homology to human histone H3 lysine 4 demethylase (HsLSD1), a component of various transcriptional corepressor complexes that often also contain histone deacetylases and the corepressor protein CoREST. All four Arabidopsis proteins contain a flavin amine oxidase domain and a SWIRM domain, the latter being present in a number of proteins involved in chromatin regulation. Here, we describe the heterologous expression and biochemical characterization of one of these Arabidopsis proteins (AtLSD1) and show that, similarly to HsLSD1, it has demethylase activity toward mono- and dimethylated Lys4 but not dimethylated Lys9 and Lys27 of histone 3. Modeling of the AtLSD1 three-dimensional structure using the HsLSD1 crystal structure as a template revealed a high degree of conservation of the residues building up the active site and some important differences. Among these differences, the most prominent is the lack of the HsLSD1 Tower domain, which has been shown to interact with CoREST and to be indispensable for HsLSD1 demethylase activity. This observation, together with AtLSD1 peculiar surface electrostatic potential distribution, suggests that the molecular partners of AtLSD1 are probably different from those of the human orthologue.
Spedaletti, V., Polticelli, F., Capodaglio, V., SCHININÀ M., E., Stano, P., Federico, R., et al. (2008). Characterization of a lysine-specific histone demethylase from Arabidopsis thaliana. BIOCHEMISTRY, 47(17), 4936-4947 [10.1021/bi701969k].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/145670
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 24
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 24
social impact