We present results of a complete radio follow-up obtained with the VLA and ATCA radio telescopes down to a 6-cm flux limit of about 0.3 mJy (3sigma) of all the 147 X-ray sources detected in the BeppoSAX HELLAS survey. We found 53 X-ray/radio likely associations, corresponding to about one-third of the X-ray sample. Using the two-point spectral index alpha(ro) = 0.35 we divided all the HELLAS X-ray sources into radio-quiet and radio-loud. We have 26 sources classified as radio-loud objects, corresponding to similar to18 per cent of the HELLAS sample. In agreement with previous results, the identified radio-loud sources are associated mainly with Type 1 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with L (5-10 keV) greater than or similar to 10(44) erg s(-1), while all the identified Type 2 AGNs and emission-line galaxies are radio-quiet objects with <math>L (5-10 keV) less than or similar to 10(44) erg s(-1). The analysis of the radio spectral index suggests that Type 1 AGNs have a mean radio spectral index (<alpha(AGN1) >= 0.25 +/- 0.1) flatter than Type 2 AGNs and emission-line galaxies (<alpha(AGN2) >= 0.69 +/- 0.11). This result is in agreement with the idea that the core-dominated radio emission from Type 1 AGNs is self-absorbed, while in Type 2 AGNs and emission-line galaxies the radio emission takes place on larger physical scale, without self-absorption.
Ciliegi, P., Vignali, C., Comastri, A., Fiore, F., LA FRANCA, F., Perola, G.c. (2003). The BeppoSAX High Energy Large Area Survey (HELLAS) - VI. The radio properties. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 342(2), 575-586 [10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06573.x].