In this paper the successive Plio-Pleistocene faunal assemblages of the Italian Peninsula, Midi of France, Iberian Peninsula, Greece and the endemic assemblages of the Mediterranean islands are illustrated. The result of this analysis permits the following conclusions 1) The main dispersal events, if slightly diachronic, are observed in the three peninsulas. Some problems arise with the “end-Villafranchian event” in Iberian peninsula. 2) The composition of Pleistocene assemblages of the Mediterranean European peninsulas is the result of the combination of survival of Pliocene elements, of mammalian immigration and dispersal events from North-North East, limited immigrations from Africa, and a low number of speciation events. In addition, local dispersal events from a Mediterranean area to an other one have been also observed. Near Eastern elements are present in the Southern Balkan peninsula. 3) The three peninsulas acted as refuge areas (role increasing from east to west) for “warm” assemblages during cool/cold phases of the Pleistocene.

Kotsakis, A. (2006). Evolution of the mammalian Pleistocene faunas in the Mediterranean area. TERRA NOSTRA, 2006(2), 30-35.

Evolution of the mammalian Pleistocene faunas in the Mediterranean area

KOTSAKIS, Anastassios
2006-01-01

Abstract

In this paper the successive Plio-Pleistocene faunal assemblages of the Italian Peninsula, Midi of France, Iberian Peninsula, Greece and the endemic assemblages of the Mediterranean islands are illustrated. The result of this analysis permits the following conclusions 1) The main dispersal events, if slightly diachronic, are observed in the three peninsulas. Some problems arise with the “end-Villafranchian event” in Iberian peninsula. 2) The composition of Pleistocene assemblages of the Mediterranean European peninsulas is the result of the combination of survival of Pliocene elements, of mammalian immigration and dispersal events from North-North East, limited immigrations from Africa, and a low number of speciation events. In addition, local dispersal events from a Mediterranean area to an other one have been also observed. Near Eastern elements are present in the Southern Balkan peninsula. 3) The three peninsulas acted as refuge areas (role increasing from east to west) for “warm” assemblages during cool/cold phases of the Pleistocene.
Kotsakis, A. (2006). Evolution of the mammalian Pleistocene faunas in the Mediterranean area. TERRA NOSTRA, 2006(2), 30-35.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/157330
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