17-Estradiol (E2) mediates a wide variety of complex biological processes determining the growth and development of reproductive tract as well as nonreproductive tissues of male and female individuals. While E2 effects on the reproductive system, bone, and cardiovascular system are quite well established, less is known about how it affects the physiology of other tissues. Skeletal muscle is a tissue that is expected to be E2 responsive since both isoforms of estrogen receptor (ER- and ER-) are expressed. Significant sex-related differences have been described in skeletal muscle, although the role played by E2 and the mechanisms underlying it remain to be determined. Here, we demonstrate that E2 increases the glucose transporter type 4 translocation at membranes as well as the expression of well-known differentiation markers of myogenesis (i.e., myogenin and myosin heavy chain) in rat myoblast cells (L6). These E2-induced effects require rapid extranuclear signals and the presence of ER-, whereas no contribution of IGF-I receptor has been observed. In particular, ER--dependent Akt activation participates in regulating the first step of myogenic differentiation. Moreover, both receptors mediate the E2-induced activation of p38, which, in turn, affects the expression of myogenin and myosin heavy chain. All together, these data indicate that E2 should be included in the list of skeletal muscle trophic factors.

GALLUZZO P, RASTELLI C, BULZOMI P, ACCONCIA F, PALLOTTINI V, & MARINO M (2009). 17beta-Estradiol regulates the first steps of skeletal muscle cell differentiation via ER-alpha-mediated signals. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. CELL PHYSIOLOGY, 297, C1249-C1262.

17beta-Estradiol regulates the first steps of skeletal muscle cell differentiation via ER-alpha-mediated signals

ACCONCIA, FILIPPO;PALLOTTINI, Valentina;MARINO, Maria
2009

Abstract

17-Estradiol (E2) mediates a wide variety of complex biological processes determining the growth and development of reproductive tract as well as nonreproductive tissues of male and female individuals. While E2 effects on the reproductive system, bone, and cardiovascular system are quite well established, less is known about how it affects the physiology of other tissues. Skeletal muscle is a tissue that is expected to be E2 responsive since both isoforms of estrogen receptor (ER- and ER-) are expressed. Significant sex-related differences have been described in skeletal muscle, although the role played by E2 and the mechanisms underlying it remain to be determined. Here, we demonstrate that E2 increases the glucose transporter type 4 translocation at membranes as well as the expression of well-known differentiation markers of myogenesis (i.e., myogenin and myosin heavy chain) in rat myoblast cells (L6). These E2-induced effects require rapid extranuclear signals and the presence of ER-, whereas no contribution of IGF-I receptor has been observed. In particular, ER--dependent Akt activation participates in regulating the first step of myogenic differentiation. Moreover, both receptors mediate the E2-induced activation of p38, which, in turn, affects the expression of myogenin and myosin heavy chain. All together, these data indicate that E2 should be included in the list of skeletal muscle trophic factors.
GALLUZZO P, RASTELLI C, BULZOMI P, ACCONCIA F, PALLOTTINI V, & MARINO M (2009). 17beta-Estradiol regulates the first steps of skeletal muscle cell differentiation via ER-alpha-mediated signals. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. CELL PHYSIOLOGY, 297, C1249-C1262.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/159125
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