""The reconstruction of the stratigraphical–structural framework and the hydrogeology of geothermal areas is. fundamental for understanding the relationships between cap rocks, reservoir and circulation of geothermal. fluids and for planning the exploitation of the field. The Cerro Tuzgle–Tocomar geothermal volcanic area. (Puna plateau, Central Andes, NW Argentina) has a high geothermal potential. It is crossed by the active. NW–SE trans-Andean tectonic lineament known as the Calama–Olacapato–Toro (COT) fault system, which. favours a high secondary permeability testified by the presence of numerous springs.. This study presents new stratigraphic and hydrogeological data on the geothermal field, together with the. analysis from remote sensed image analysis of morphostructural evidences associated with the structural. framework and active tectonics.. Our data suggest that the main geothermal reservoir is located within or below the Pre-Palaeozoic–Ordovician. basement units, characterised by unevenly distributed secondary permeability. The reservoir is recharged by. infiltration in the ridges above 4500 m a.s.l., where basement rocks are in outcrop. Below 4500 m a.s.l., the. reservoir is covered by the low permeable Miocene–Quaternary units that allow a poor circulation of shallow. groundwater. Geothermal fluids upwell in areas with more intense fracturing, especially where main regional. structures, particularly NW–SE COT-parallel lineaments, intersect with secondary structures, such as at the. Tocomar field. Away from the main tectonic features, such as at the Cerro Tuzgle field, the less developed network. of faults and fractures allows only a moderate upwelling of geothermal fluids and a mixing between hot. and shallow cold waters.. The integration of field-based and remote-sensing analyses at the Cerro Tuzgle–Tocomar area proved to be. effective in approaching the prospection of remote geothermal fields, and in defining the conceptual model. for geothermal circulation.""
Giordano, G., Pinton, A., Cianfarra, P., Baez, W., Chiodi, A., Viramonte, J., et al. (2013). Structural control on geothermal circulation in the Cerro Tuzgle–Tocomar geothermal volcanic area (Puna plateau, Argentina). JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH, 249, 77-94 [10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.09.009].