"Several factors affect antenna-soil coupling in a Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey, like surface. roughness, lithology, lateral heterogeneities, vegetation, antenna height from the surface and. water content. Among them, lithology and water content have a direct effect on the bulk electromagnetic. properties of the material under investigation. It has been recently pointed out that the wavelet. of the early-time portion of a radar signal is correlated to the shallow subsurface dielectric properties. of a material. This result indicates that some information on such properties can be directly. extracted from the analysis of GPR early-time traces.. In the present paper, we use the early-time GPR signal, in terms of average envelope amplitude. computed on the first half-cycle, to map the near-surface (few centimetres) lateral distribution of. dielectric parameters, induced by changing the shallow water content on a concrete slab. This controlled. experiment was specifically designed to study the effect of water content variations on. antenna-material coupling, minimizing the influence of both surface roughness and heterogeneity.. The quantitative control of the water in the shallow portion of the slab is performed by using a portable. unilateral Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) sensor, which is able to determine the water. content in the material on the basis of the measured proton density. The results show a matching. pattern of the physical parameters measured with the two different techniques and a very high. degree of linear correlation (r = 0.97) between the radar early-time signal average amplitude and the. intensity of the NMR signal, which is proportional to the proton density, i.e., to the water content.. This experiment suggests that the early-time approach could be used as a fast and high- spatial. resolution tool for qualitatively mapping water content lateral variations in a porous material at. shallow depth, using a ground-coupled single-offset antenna configuration and that a quantitative. evaluation of the moisture content would require a calibration procedure."

C., F., V., D.T., P. M., B., Mattei, E., Lauro, S., N., P., et al. (2013). Comparison of GPR and unilateral NMR for water content measurements in a laboratory scale experiment. NEAR SURFACE GEOPHYSICS, 11, 143-153 [10.3997/1873-0604.2012051].

Comparison of GPR and unilateral NMR for water content measurements in a laboratory scale experiment

MATTEI, ELISABETTA;LAURO, SEBASTIAN;PETTINELLI, Elena
2013-01-01

Abstract

"Several factors affect antenna-soil coupling in a Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey, like surface. roughness, lithology, lateral heterogeneities, vegetation, antenna height from the surface and. water content. Among them, lithology and water content have a direct effect on the bulk electromagnetic. properties of the material under investigation. It has been recently pointed out that the wavelet. of the early-time portion of a radar signal is correlated to the shallow subsurface dielectric properties. of a material. This result indicates that some information on such properties can be directly. extracted from the analysis of GPR early-time traces.. In the present paper, we use the early-time GPR signal, in terms of average envelope amplitude. computed on the first half-cycle, to map the near-surface (few centimetres) lateral distribution of. dielectric parameters, induced by changing the shallow water content on a concrete slab. This controlled. experiment was specifically designed to study the effect of water content variations on. antenna-material coupling, minimizing the influence of both surface roughness and heterogeneity.. The quantitative control of the water in the shallow portion of the slab is performed by using a portable. unilateral Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) sensor, which is able to determine the water. content in the material on the basis of the measured proton density. The results show a matching. pattern of the physical parameters measured with the two different techniques and a very high. degree of linear correlation (r = 0.97) between the radar early-time signal average amplitude and the. intensity of the NMR signal, which is proportional to the proton density, i.e., to the water content.. This experiment suggests that the early-time approach could be used as a fast and high- spatial. resolution tool for qualitatively mapping water content lateral variations in a porous material at. shallow depth, using a ground-coupled single-offset antenna configuration and that a quantitative. evaluation of the moisture content would require a calibration procedure."
2013
C., F., V., D.T., P. M., B., Mattei, E., Lauro, S., N., P., et al. (2013). Comparison of GPR and unilateral NMR for water content measurements in a laboratory scale experiment. NEAR SURFACE GEOPHYSICS, 11, 143-153 [10.3997/1873-0604.2012051].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/267618
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