""By combining neutron diffraction and Monte Carlo simulations, we have determined the microscopic. structure of the hydration ions shell in aqueous solutions of MgCl2 and CaCl2, along with the radial. distribution functions of the solvent. In particular the hydration shell of the cations, show cation. specific symmetry, due to the strong and directional interaction of ions and water oxygens. The ions. and their hydration shells likely form molecular moieties and bring clear signatures in the waterwater. radial distribution functions. Apart from these signatures, the influence of divalent salts on. the microscopic structure of water is similar to that of previously investigated monovalent solutes,. and it is visible as a shift of the second peak of the oxygen-oxygen radial distribution function,. caused by distortion of the hydrogen bond network of water.""
Bruni, F., Imberti, S., Mancinelli, R., Ricci, M.A. (2012). Aqueous solutions of divalent chlorides: Ions hydration shell and water structure. THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 136(6) [10.1063/1.3684633].