This paper deals with the applicability of seismic passive control in major-hazard chemical installations. The objective is to show numerically and experimentally the applicability of Passive Control Techniques (PCT) in industrial plants. Consequently, the main components of a process plant are classified and collected into a limited number of classes; for each class, the main damages caused by past earthquakes are described and the most vulnerable components are identified. A synthesis of the effects of earthquakes on the different typologies of process components is also presented and the most suitable innovative seismic protection systems, in particular passive control techniques (PCT), are acknowledged. Finally, the effectiveness of PCT in reducing the seismic response of process plant components is proved by three representative case studies: a base isolated above-ground storage tank, a distillation column connected by elastoplastic dampers to the adjacent service frame and an application of non-conventional Tuned Mass Dampers to a support frame. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Paolacci, F., Giannini, R., De Angelis, M. (2013). Seismic response mitigation of chemical plant components by passive control techniques. JOURNAL OF LOSS PREVENTION IN THE PROCESS INDUSTRIES, 26(5), 924-935 [10.1016/j.jlp.2013.03.003].