In the last decade (2001–2011) foreign population in Italy as tripled showing, from one hand, a strong tendency to become a structural phenomenon and, on the other hand, clear spatial patterns of distribution. Quite surprisingly just few study analyze foreign presence in Italy taking into account in a direct form the spatial dimension. Thanks to a GWR model in this contribution we study the geographical variation of the share of foreigners employed (y) within each of 110 Italian provinces (nuts 3) in function of some independent variables. Results confirm that the space matters: the dependent variable is significantly affected by the provincial variability of the unemployment rate of Italians as well as by other conditions of the phenomenon being studied, represented by the constant of the model.
Benassi, F., & Naccarato, A. (2018). Foreign Citizens Working in Italy: Does Space Matter?. SPATIAL DEMOGRAPHY, 6(1), 1-16 [10.1007/s40980-016-0023-7].