The liberal interpretation of the Leviathan reduces the violence of the state of nature to a pre-moral and pre-political level. On the contrary, Schmitt shows, consistently with his political theology, that this violence is evil. Nonetheless, in Schmitt’s argument something appears to be missing: the ultimate roots of the concept of religion (and sociality) stand in a primary act of repeated reciprocity. In the Hobbesian state of nature, the sacri-ficium appears to be a necessary mediation which brakes the disruptive reciprocity of the mimetic violence. This Girardian reading, which was based on Durkheim, Mauss, and Lévi-Strauss, shows the roots of society, ethics, and politics. And, finally, it reveals the intrinsic paideutical nature of these roots.

Postiglione, R.M. (2016). GENEALOGIA DELL’EDUCARE. IL SACRO TRA TEOLOGIA POLITICA, RECIPROCITÀ E VIOLENZA MIMETICA. EDUCAZIONE, 5(1), 103-118 [10.14668/Educaz_5107].

GENEALOGIA DELL’EDUCARE. IL SACRO TRA TEOLOGIA POLITICA, RECIPROCITÀ E VIOLENZA MIMETICA

POSTIGLIONE, Rocco Marcello
2016-01-01

Abstract

The liberal interpretation of the Leviathan reduces the violence of the state of nature to a pre-moral and pre-political level. On the contrary, Schmitt shows, consistently with his political theology, that this violence is evil. Nonetheless, in Schmitt’s argument something appears to be missing: the ultimate roots of the concept of religion (and sociality) stand in a primary act of repeated reciprocity. In the Hobbesian state of nature, the sacri-ficium appears to be a necessary mediation which brakes the disruptive reciprocity of the mimetic violence. This Girardian reading, which was based on Durkheim, Mauss, and Lévi-Strauss, shows the roots of society, ethics, and politics. And, finally, it reveals the intrinsic paideutical nature of these roots.
La interpretación liberal de Leviatán neutraliza la violencia del estado de naturaleza como pre-moral y pre-política. La interpretación de Schmitt muestra con insistencia que la violencia es mala, de acuerdo con la teología política del autor. No obstante, parece que algo falta en el argumento de Schmitt: la última raíz de la religion (y de la sociabilidad), como un gesto primario de reciprocidad repetida. En el estado de naturaleza Hobbesiana, el sacrificium parece ser una mediación necesaria, que frena la reciprocidad de la violencia mimética. Esta lectura girardiana, apoyada sobre las de Durkheim, Mauss y Lévi-Strauss, exhibe aquella raíz de la base social, de la ética y política. Y finalmente, nos revela el intrínseco carácter del paidetico.
Postiglione, R.M. (2016). GENEALOGIA DELL’EDUCARE. IL SACRO TRA TEOLOGIA POLITICA, RECIPROCITÀ E VIOLENZA MIMETICA. EDUCAZIONE, 5(1), 103-118 [10.14668/Educaz_5107].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/309199
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