The paper re-examines the well-discussed issue of the so-called “tripartite theology”. As the fragments of the Antiquitates rerum divinarum point out, Varro, in the wake of Mucius Scevola, reconsidered the traditional ways of representing gods (the mythice theology, the physice one and the politice one). Therefore he proposed an original synthesis of them, characterised as specifically Roman and defined, accordingly, in Latin as theologia civilis. Probably before the codification of the theory in the philosophical-antiquarian work, he had already reflected about the specific limits of the three theologies in the satirical representation of the Menippean Ἄλλος οὖτος῾Ηρακλῆς. Dealing with the identification of Hercules and Mars, the satire proves that Roman ritual tradition (of the pontiffs and the Salii) agrees with philosophical theories. On the other hand, it shows how people are incapable of doing without the mythical accounts. Thus Varro assumes that the new type of Roman theology must preserve also some elements of the theologia mythice in order to restore the traditional religious belief in his society.

Ἄλλος οὖτος῾Ηρακλῆς: tracce della riflessione sui tria genera theologiae nelle Menippeae di Varrone

LEONARDIS, IRENE
In corso di stampa

Abstract

The paper re-examines the well-discussed issue of the so-called “tripartite theology”. As the fragments of the Antiquitates rerum divinarum point out, Varro, in the wake of Mucius Scevola, reconsidered the traditional ways of representing gods (the mythice theology, the physice one and the politice one). Therefore he proposed an original synthesis of them, characterised as specifically Roman and defined, accordingly, in Latin as theologia civilis. Probably before the codification of the theory in the philosophical-antiquarian work, he had already reflected about the specific limits of the three theologies in the satirical representation of the Menippean Ἄλλος οὖτος῾Ηρακλῆς. Dealing with the identification of Hercules and Mars, the satire proves that Roman ritual tradition (of the pontiffs and the Salii) agrees with philosophical theories. On the other hand, it shows how people are incapable of doing without the mythical accounts. Thus Varro assumes that the new type of Roman theology must preserve also some elements of the theologia mythice in order to restore the traditional religious belief in his society.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/312604
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact