The living euryhaline species Cyprideis torosa (Jones) undergoes morphometric variations in size, noding and sieve-pore shape linked to environmental parameters. In particular it is known that salinity values around 8-9‰ represent the osmoregulation threshold and the turning point between smaller and greater valves and prevailingly noded as opposed to un-noded valves. Here, a character never studied before is analysed: the relationship between salinity and the C. torosa valve outlines, especially the morphology of the ventral border. Geometric-morphometric analysis was carried out on different populations of C. torosa collected in oligohaline (Massaciuccoli marsh, Tuscany, and Lake Trasimeno, Umbria) and hyperhaline waterbodies (Trapani-Paceco salt pans, Sicily). The results indicate that the species displays two morphotypes: a dominant one, characterized by a straight ventral border; and a morphotype with a sigmoidal profile ventral border. This latter morphotype seems to be related to higher salinity: the oligohaline waters are characterized only by C. torosa individuals with straight ventral outline, while the hyperhaline environments are marked by the occurrence of 17.6% of sigmoidal individuals. Furthermore, the sigmoidal ventral border is more emphasized in males than in females.

Grossi, F., Prato, S.D., Gliozzi, E. (2017). Is the occurrence of a sigmoidal ventral border in Cyprideis torosa (Jones) valves linked to salinity? A morphometrical analysis approach. JOURNAL OF MICROPALAEONTOLOGY, 36(1), 70-79 [10.1144/jmpaleo2016-018].

Is the occurrence of a sigmoidal ventral border in Cyprideis torosa (Jones) valves linked to salinity? A morphometrical analysis approach

GROSSI, FRANCESCO;GLIOZZI, Elsa
2017

Abstract

The living euryhaline species Cyprideis torosa (Jones) undergoes morphometric variations in size, noding and sieve-pore shape linked to environmental parameters. In particular it is known that salinity values around 8-9‰ represent the osmoregulation threshold and the turning point between smaller and greater valves and prevailingly noded as opposed to un-noded valves. Here, a character never studied before is analysed: the relationship between salinity and the C. torosa valve outlines, especially the morphology of the ventral border. Geometric-morphometric analysis was carried out on different populations of C. torosa collected in oligohaline (Massaciuccoli marsh, Tuscany, and Lake Trasimeno, Umbria) and hyperhaline waterbodies (Trapani-Paceco salt pans, Sicily). The results indicate that the species displays two morphotypes: a dominant one, characterized by a straight ventral border; and a morphotype with a sigmoidal profile ventral border. This latter morphotype seems to be related to higher salinity: the oligohaline waters are characterized only by C. torosa individuals with straight ventral outline, while the hyperhaline environments are marked by the occurrence of 17.6% of sigmoidal individuals. Furthermore, the sigmoidal ventral border is more emphasized in males than in females.
Grossi, F., Prato, S.D., Gliozzi, E. (2017). Is the occurrence of a sigmoidal ventral border in Cyprideis torosa (Jones) valves linked to salinity? A morphometrical analysis approach. JOURNAL OF MICROPALAEONTOLOGY, 36(1), 70-79 [10.1144/jmpaleo2016-018].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/314186
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