Spin-charge interconversion is currently the focus of intensive experimental and theoretical research both for its intrinsic interest and for its potential exploitation in the realization of new spintronic functionalities. Spin-orbit coupling is one of the key microscopic mechanisms to couple charge currents and spin polarizations. The Rashba spin-orbit coupling in a two- dimensional electron gas has been shown to give rise to the inverse spin galvanic effect, i.e. the generation of a non-equilibrium spin polarization by a charge current. Whereas the Rashba model may be applied to the interpretation of experimental results in many cases, in general in a given real physical system spin-orbit coupling also occurs due other mechanisms such as Dresselhaus bulk inversion asymmetry and scattering from impurities. In this work we consider the inverse spin galvanic effect in the presence of Rashba, Dresselhaus and impurity spin-orbit scattering. We nd that the size and form of the inverse spin galvanic effect is greatly modied by the presence of the various sources of spin-orbit coupling. Indeed, spin-orbit coupling affects the spin relaxation time by adding the Elliott-Yafet mechanism to the Dyakonov-Perel and, furthermore, it changes the non-equilibrium value of the current-induced spin polarization. We use a diagrammatic Kubo formula approach to evaluate the spin polarization-charge current response function. We nally comment about the relevance of our results for the interpretation of experimental results.

Maleki Sheikhabadi, A., Raimondi, R. (2017). Inverse spin galvanic effect in the presence of impurity spin-orbit scattering: a diagrammatic approach. CONDENSED MATTER, 2(2), 17 [10.3390/condmat2020017].

Inverse spin galvanic effect in the presence of impurity spin-orbit scattering: a diagrammatic approach

RAIMONDI, Roberto
2017-01-01

Abstract

Spin-charge interconversion is currently the focus of intensive experimental and theoretical research both for its intrinsic interest and for its potential exploitation in the realization of new spintronic functionalities. Spin-orbit coupling is one of the key microscopic mechanisms to couple charge currents and spin polarizations. The Rashba spin-orbit coupling in a two- dimensional electron gas has been shown to give rise to the inverse spin galvanic effect, i.e. the generation of a non-equilibrium spin polarization by a charge current. Whereas the Rashba model may be applied to the interpretation of experimental results in many cases, in general in a given real physical system spin-orbit coupling also occurs due other mechanisms such as Dresselhaus bulk inversion asymmetry and scattering from impurities. In this work we consider the inverse spin galvanic effect in the presence of Rashba, Dresselhaus and impurity spin-orbit scattering. We nd that the size and form of the inverse spin galvanic effect is greatly modied by the presence of the various sources of spin-orbit coupling. Indeed, spin-orbit coupling affects the spin relaxation time by adding the Elliott-Yafet mechanism to the Dyakonov-Perel and, furthermore, it changes the non-equilibrium value of the current-induced spin polarization. We use a diagrammatic Kubo formula approach to evaluate the spin polarization-charge current response function. We nally comment about the relevance of our results for the interpretation of experimental results.
Maleki Sheikhabadi, A., Raimondi, R. (2017). Inverse spin galvanic effect in the presence of impurity spin-orbit scattering: a diagrammatic approach. CONDENSED MATTER, 2(2), 17 [10.3390/condmat2020017].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/314775
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