The American duckweed Lemna minuta shows an invasive behaviour in Europe, causing weed problems in aquatic habitats there. Few studies addressed this species’ ecological requirements for a suitable establishment in a site. In this paper, L. minuta populations were analysed through feld surveys so as (1) to defne the autoecology of this duckweed as regards the main environmental factors characterizing invaded habitats, and (2) to identify possible overlaps/differences in ecological requirements between the alien L. minuta and the common native L. minor, with which it is often associated and in direct competition. The occurrence/abundance of the two species and environmental data were collected from 41 wetlands in central Italy. Currently, L. minuta is more common and abundant than L. minor in the study-area, despite its recent arrival there (2007). The two species have a partially overlapped autoecology. However, L. minuta differs from L. minor since it occurs in waters which are less alkaline, slightly less warm, and richer in nitrates. It shows tolerance for environmental conditions which are limiting for most of macrophytes, including L. minor, such as high shading and low water oxygenation. This enables L. minuta to increase its invasion potentiality and thus to enlarge its distribution area.

Ceschin, S., Abati, S., Ilaria, L., Zuccarello, V. (2018). Ecological comparison between duckweeds in Central Italy: the invasive Lemna minuta vs the native L. minor. PLANT BIOSYSTEMS, 152(4), 674-683 [10.1080/11263504.2017.1317671].

Ecological comparison between duckweeds in Central Italy: the invasive Lemna minuta vs the native L. minor

CESCHIN, SIMONA
;
ABATI, SILVERIO;ZUCCARELLO, Vincenzo
2018-01-01

Abstract

The American duckweed Lemna minuta shows an invasive behaviour in Europe, causing weed problems in aquatic habitats there. Few studies addressed this species’ ecological requirements for a suitable establishment in a site. In this paper, L. minuta populations were analysed through feld surveys so as (1) to defne the autoecology of this duckweed as regards the main environmental factors characterizing invaded habitats, and (2) to identify possible overlaps/differences in ecological requirements between the alien L. minuta and the common native L. minor, with which it is often associated and in direct competition. The occurrence/abundance of the two species and environmental data were collected from 41 wetlands in central Italy. Currently, L. minuta is more common and abundant than L. minor in the study-area, despite its recent arrival there (2007). The two species have a partially overlapped autoecology. However, L. minuta differs from L. minor since it occurs in waters which are less alkaline, slightly less warm, and richer in nitrates. It shows tolerance for environmental conditions which are limiting for most of macrophytes, including L. minor, such as high shading and low water oxygenation. This enables L. minuta to increase its invasion potentiality and thus to enlarge its distribution area.
Ceschin, S., Abati, S., Ilaria, L., Zuccarello, V. (2018). Ecological comparison between duckweeds in Central Italy: the invasive Lemna minuta vs the native L. minor. PLANT BIOSYSTEMS, 152(4), 674-683 [10.1080/11263504.2017.1317671].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/315879
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