In this letter, we report on high responsivity fire detectors based on PbS colloidal quantum dots photoconductors. The devices operate in the near infrared and are equipped with a visible light silicon filter for wavelength selectivity. Devices are fabricated by a simple, low cost, and silicon compatible process based on drop casting of a ligand exchanged solution of PbS nanoparticles. The photodetectors exhibit responsivity as high as 20 A/W at 1-V bias. We exploit the combination of their high responsivity and spectral response for the development of a novel fire detector able to detect a small flame at a distance exceeding 15 m in ambient illumination.
DE IACOVO, A., Venettacci, C., Colace, L., Scopa, L., Foglia, S. (2017). High Responsivity Fire Detectors Based on PbS Colloidal Quantum Dot Photoconductors. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, 29(9), 703-706 [10.1109/LPT.2017.2680741].