Classical all α-helical globins are present in all living organisms and are ordered in three lineages: (i) flavohemoglobins and single domain globins, (ii) protoglobins and globin coupled sensors and (iii) truncated hemoglobins, displaying the 3/3 or the 2/2 all α-helical fold. However, over the last two decades, all β-barrel and mixed α-helical-β-barrel heme-proteins displaying heme-based functional properties (e.g. ligand binding, transport and sensing) closely similar to those of all α-helical globins have been reported. Monomeric nitrophorins (NPs) and α1-microglobulin (α1-m), belonging to the lipocalin superfamily and nitrobindins (Nbs) represent prototypical heme-proteins displaying the all β-barrel and mixed α-helical-β-barrel folds. NPs are confined to the Reduviidae and Cimicidae families of Heteroptera, whereas α1-m and Nbs constitute heme-protein families spanning bacteria to Homo sapiens. The structural organization and the reactivity of the stable ferric solvent-exposed heme-Fe atom suggest that NPs and Nbs are devoted to NO transport, storage and sensing, whereas Hs-α1-m participates in heme metabolism. Here, the structural and functional properties of NPs and Nbs are reviewed in parallel with those of sperm whale myoglobin, which is generally taken as the prototype of monomeric globins
De Simone, G., Ascenzi, P., di Masi, A., & Polticelli, F. (2017). Nitrophorins and nitrobindins: structure and function. BIOMOLECULAR CONCEPTS, 8(2), 105-118.
|Titolo:||Nitrophorins and nitrobindins: structure and function.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Citazione:||De Simone, G., Ascenzi, P., di Masi, A., & Polticelli, F. (2017). Nitrophorins and nitrobindins: structure and function. BIOMOLECULAR CONCEPTS, 8(2), 105-118.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|