Genotoxic effects of therapeutic ultrasound are poorly documented, when compared with the wide use of this physical agent. The aim of this work was to investigate the clastogenic and aneugenic potential of 1 MHz ultrasound, employing intensities (200 and 300 mW/cm2) above the cavitational threshold, but in the range of those normally used in therapeutics. Both normal fibroblasts (AG01522) and tumoral cells (MCF-7) were sonicated. While no effects on viability were noted, significant increases of CREST-negative micronuclei (indicative of clastogenesis) and CREST-positive micronuclei (indicative of aneuploidy) were detected. Clastogenesis was confirmed by increases of Î³-H2AX foci, while increases of spindle anomalies confirmed the induction of aneuploidy. Our results confirm previous works that showed ultrasound-induced DNA breakage. Moreover, our experiments show that the known effect of ultrasound-induced damage to microtubules is also able to damage the mitotic spindle and induce aneuploidy. On the overall, this work highlights the importance to further investigate the potential risks related to therapeutics US.
Udroiu, I., Marinaccio, J., Bedini, A., Giliberti, C., Palomba, R., & Sgura, A. (2018). Genomic damage induced by 1-MHz ultrasound in vitro. ENVIRONMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MUTAGENESIS, 59(1), 60-68 [10.1002/em.22124].