In this paper, a full-wave analysis is presented of the dispersion properties of modes supported by a grounded dielectric slab periodically loaded with metal strips, which represents a canonical configuration employed in planar microwave antennas and arrays and in the realization of artificially hard and soft surfaces. Propagation of surface and leaky modes at arbitrary angles is considered here, without any restrictive assumption on the values of the involved physical and geometrical parameters. Spectral properties of modes are studied, by deriving generalized conditions for establishing the proper or improper nature of the spatial harmonics in the Floquet representation of the fields. The proposed approach, based on a full-wave moment-method discretization of the relevant electric-field integral equation in the spectral domain, is validated through comparisons with the available data in the literature. Novel results are presented which illustrate the continuous evolution of modes as a function of the propagation angle along the grating, both in surface and leaky propagation regimes.
Baccarelli, P., Galli, A. (2005). Modal properties of surface and leaky waves propagating at arbitrary angles along a metal strip grating on a grounded slab. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, 53(1 I), 36-46 [10.1109/tap.2004.840529].