Thermal gradients due to magma dynamics in active volcanic areas may affect the emanating power of the substrate and the background level of radon signal. This is particularly effective in subvolcanic substrates where intense hydrothermal alteration and/or weathering processes generally form hydrous minerals, such as zeolites able to store and release great amounts of H2O (up to ~25 wt.%) at relative low temperatures. To better understand the role played by thermally induced devolatilization reactions on the radon signal, a new experimental setup has been developed for measuring in real time the radon emission from a zeolitized volcanic tuff. Progressive dehydration phenomena with increasing temperature produce radon emissions two orders of magnitude higher than those measured during rock deformation, microfracturing and failure. In this framework, mineral devolatilization reactions can contribute significantly to produce radon emissions spatially heterogeneous and non-stationary in time, resulting in a transient state dictated by temperature gradients and the carrier effects of subsurface gases. Results from these experiments can be extrapolated to the temporal and spatial scales of magmatic processes, where the ascent of small magma batches from depth causes volatile release due to dehydration phenomena that increase the radon signal from the degassing host rock material.

Mollo, S., Tuccimei, P., Galli, G., Iezzi, G., Scarlato, P. (2017). The imprint of thermally induced devolatilization phenomena on radon signal: Implications for the geochemical survey in volcanic areas. GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL, 211(1), 558-571 [10.1093/gji/ggx314].

The imprint of thermally induced devolatilization phenomena on radon signal: Implications for the geochemical survey in volcanic areas

Tuccimei, Paola;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Thermal gradients due to magma dynamics in active volcanic areas may affect the emanating power of the substrate and the background level of radon signal. This is particularly effective in subvolcanic substrates where intense hydrothermal alteration and/or weathering processes generally form hydrous minerals, such as zeolites able to store and release great amounts of H2O (up to ~25 wt.%) at relative low temperatures. To better understand the role played by thermally induced devolatilization reactions on the radon signal, a new experimental setup has been developed for measuring in real time the radon emission from a zeolitized volcanic tuff. Progressive dehydration phenomena with increasing temperature produce radon emissions two orders of magnitude higher than those measured during rock deformation, microfracturing and failure. In this framework, mineral devolatilization reactions can contribute significantly to produce radon emissions spatially heterogeneous and non-stationary in time, resulting in a transient state dictated by temperature gradients and the carrier effects of subsurface gases. Results from these experiments can be extrapolated to the temporal and spatial scales of magmatic processes, where the ascent of small magma batches from depth causes volatile release due to dehydration phenomena that increase the radon signal from the degassing host rock material.
Mollo, S., Tuccimei, P., Galli, G., Iezzi, G., Scarlato, P. (2017). The imprint of thermally induced devolatilization phenomena on radon signal: Implications for the geochemical survey in volcanic areas. GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL, 211(1), 558-571 [10.1093/gji/ggx314].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/328403
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