The introduction of nanoparticles-based screens [C. W. Hsu, Nat. Commun. 5, 3152 (2014)] has paved the way to the realization of low-cost transparent displays with a wide viewing angle and scalability to large size. Despite the huge potentialities of this approach, the design of a nanoparticles array exhibiting a sharp scattering response in the optical spectrum is still a challenging task. In this manuscript, we investigate the suitability of ellipsoidal plasmonic nanoparticles for this purpose. First, we show that some trade-offs between the sharpness of the scattering response of the array and its absorption level apply. Starting from these considerations, we prove that prolate nanoparticles may be a plausible candidate for achieving the peculiar features required in transparent screen applications. An example of a full-color and almost-isotropic transparent screen is finally proposed and its robustness towards the geometrical inaccuracies that may arise during the fabrication process is assessed. All the analytical considerations, carried out through an analytical model taking into account the surface dispersion effect affecting the nanoparticles, are supported by a proper set of full-wave simulations.
Monti, A., Toscano, A., Bilotti, F. (2017). Analysis of the scattering and absorption properties of ellipsoidal nanoparticle arrays for the design of full-color transparent screens. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 121(24), 243106 [10.1063/1.4990422].