Efflux pumps of the resistance-nodulation-cell-division (RND) family increase antibiotic resistance in many bacterial pathogens, representing candidate targets for the development of antibiotic adjuvants. RND pumps have also been proposed to contribute to bacterial infection, implying that efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) could also act as anti-virulence drugs. Nevertheless, EPIs are usually investigated only for their properties as antibiotic adjuvants, while their potential anti-virulence activity is seldom taken into account. In this study it is shown that RND efflux pumps contribute to Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 pathogenicity in an insect model of infection, and that the well-characterized EPI Phe-Arg-beta-naphthylamide (PA beta N) is able to reduce in vivo virulence of the P. aeruginosa PAO1 laboratory strain, as well as of clinical isolates. The production of quorum sensing (QS) molecules and of QS-dependent virulence phenotypes is differentially affected by PA beta N, depending on the strain. Transcriptomic and phenotypic analyses showed that the protection exerted by PA beta N from P. aeruginosa PAO1 infection in vivo correlates with the down-regulation of key virulence genes (e.g. genes involved in iron and phosphate starvation). Since PA beta N impacts P. aeruginosa virulence, anti-virulence properties of EPIs are worthy to be explored, taking into account possible strain-specificity of their activity.

Rampioni, G., Ramachandran Pillai, C., Longo, F., Bondi', R., Baldelli, V., Messina, M., et al. (2017). Effect of efflux pump inhibition on Pseudomonas aeruginosa transcriptome and virulence. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7 [10.1038/s41598-017-11892-9].

Effect of efflux pump inhibition on Pseudomonas aeruginosa transcriptome and virulence

Giordano Rampioni;Francesca Longo;Roslen Bondì;Valerio Baldelli;Marco Messina;Francesco Imperi;Paolo Visca;Livia Leoni
2017

Abstract

Efflux pumps of the resistance-nodulation-cell-division (RND) family increase antibiotic resistance in many bacterial pathogens, representing candidate targets for the development of antibiotic adjuvants. RND pumps have also been proposed to contribute to bacterial infection, implying that efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) could also act as anti-virulence drugs. Nevertheless, EPIs are usually investigated only for their properties as antibiotic adjuvants, while their potential anti-virulence activity is seldom taken into account. In this study it is shown that RND efflux pumps contribute to Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 pathogenicity in an insect model of infection, and that the well-characterized EPI Phe-Arg-beta-naphthylamide (PA beta N) is able to reduce in vivo virulence of the P. aeruginosa PAO1 laboratory strain, as well as of clinical isolates. The production of quorum sensing (QS) molecules and of QS-dependent virulence phenotypes is differentially affected by PA beta N, depending on the strain. Transcriptomic and phenotypic analyses showed that the protection exerted by PA beta N from P. aeruginosa PAO1 infection in vivo correlates with the down-regulation of key virulence genes (e.g. genes involved in iron and phosphate starvation). Since PA beta N impacts P. aeruginosa virulence, anti-virulence properties of EPIs are worthy to be explored, taking into account possible strain-specificity of their activity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/328985
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