Mode filters, based on oversized rectangular waveguides with periodic symmetrical junctions, are addressed through analytical models under a small coupling approximation to explain the physical mechanisms of their behavior, and provide guidelines for their design. In the junctions, which are partially filled with a lossy dielectric, both propagating and evanescent modes play a role. Filter parameters are studied with respect to their impact on the excitation, propagation, and absorption of such modes in the junctions. Particular attention is paid to practical choices a designer has to face in real applications. The performance of single versus multiple lengthwise slots with the same total length is compared, and high-power matters such as voltage and thermal breakdown are discussed. A novel junction with two absorbing layers is proposed to help designers in maximizing absorption, while fulfilling thermal constraints.
Ceccuzzi, S., Ponti, C., Ravera, G.L., & Schettini, G. (2017). Physical mechanisms and design principles in mode filters for oversized rectangular waveguides. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, 65(8), 2726-2733 [10.1109/TMTT.2017.2684119].