This work presents the analysis of long waves resonance in two of the main cities along the northern coast of Chile, Arica, and Iquique, where a large tsunamigenic potential remains despite recent earthquakes. By combining a modal analysis solving the equation of free surface oscillations, with the analysis of background spectra derived from in situ measurements, the spatial and temporal structures of the modes are recovered. Comparison with spectra from three tsunamis of different characteristics shows that the modes found have been excited by past events. Moreover, the two locations show different response patterns. Arica is more sensitive to the characteristics of the tsunami source, whereas Iquique shows a smaller dependency and similar response for different tsunami events. Results are further compared with other methodologies with good agreement. These findings are relevant in characterizing the tsunami hazard in the area, and the methodology can be further extended to other regions along the Chilean coast.

Cortés, P., Catalán, P.A., Aránguiz, R., Bellotti, G. (2017). Tsunami and shelf resonance on the northern Chile coast. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH. OCEANS, 122(9), 7364-7379 [10.1002/2017JC012922].

Tsunami and shelf resonance on the northern Chile coast

Bellotti, Giorgio
2017-01-01

Abstract

This work presents the analysis of long waves resonance in two of the main cities along the northern coast of Chile, Arica, and Iquique, where a large tsunamigenic potential remains despite recent earthquakes. By combining a modal analysis solving the equation of free surface oscillations, with the analysis of background spectra derived from in situ measurements, the spatial and temporal structures of the modes are recovered. Comparison with spectra from three tsunamis of different characteristics shows that the modes found have been excited by past events. Moreover, the two locations show different response patterns. Arica is more sensitive to the characteristics of the tsunami source, whereas Iquique shows a smaller dependency and similar response for different tsunami events. Results are further compared with other methodologies with good agreement. These findings are relevant in characterizing the tsunami hazard in the area, and the methodology can be further extended to other regions along the Chilean coast.
2017
Cortés, P., Catalán, P.A., Aránguiz, R., Bellotti, G. (2017). Tsunami and shelf resonance on the northern Chile coast. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH. OCEANS, 122(9), 7364-7379 [10.1002/2017JC012922].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/329901
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